Researching the British Navy nuclear-powered submarine deadly accident (on March 21 near the North Pole, caused by exploding chemical oxygen candles) for our upcoming Mars mission - we stumbled on interesting comments about the hilarious recent Russian flag planted at the Pole.
Explorers are not alone to make lavish claims; their nations are just as good at it and here go some examples:
Cook planted bottled money
A historian wrote in LA Times:
"In 1776-78, for example, Capt. James Cook established English claims to British Columbia by burying bottles of English coins in several locations."
"In 1774, he erased Spanish marks of possession in Tahiti and replaced them with English ones. On learning of this, Spain dispatched explorers to restore its claim."
"Nearly 40 years earlier, in 1742-49, French military expeditions buried lead plates along the Ohio River. The plates stated that they were a renewal of possession that dated from 1643."
Biddle's textbook discovery ritual in the presence of Chinook Indians
LA Times also writes that Lewis and Clark left a trail of branded trees and rocks on their journey to the Pacific. And about two decades later, Washington sent a brash captain to put an end to English claims to the region:
In August 1818, Capt. James Biddle performed a textbook discovery ritual: In the presence of Chinook Indians on the north side of the Columbia River, he raised the U.S. flag, turned the soil with a shovel and nailed up a lead plate inscribed: Taken possession of, in the name and on the behalf of the United States by Captain James Biddle. He repeated the performance on the south shore of the Columbia, with a wooden sign declaring American ownership of the region.
Olympic torch crowning prime Tibet claim next year
Closing the Russian North Pole flag "incident" John Spear comments on "The Lede" page in New York Times, In 1926 Commander Richard E. Byrd dropped a US flag near the north pole from an airplane flown by Floyd Bennett."
The question now is who'll remove China's flag on top of Tibet (Everest) next year; what flag we should bring to Mars and how to make sure it stays. Maybe we'll just take a leak there, and move on.
August 2nd, veteran Arctic explorer Artur Chilingarov, 67, descended 14,000 feet below the NP ice cap in a deep sea submersible and dropped a Russian tricolor cast in titanium onto the seabed, staking a claim to the oil and gas riches beneath the Arctic Ocean.
Artur Chilingarov said his main concern was to resurface at the ice hole they dived through. The mini-sub used was not strong enough to break through the polar ice and there was a danger it might be trapped beneath the ice caps. Chilingarov describe "a soft landing" and nothing but "yellowish gravel down here."
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said, "the aim of this expedition is not to stake Russia's claim but to show that our shelf reaches to the North Pole."
#Polar #Space #Mountaineering #Stats #classic
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